With the Israel-Hamas war stretching into its fourth week, the international focus is increasingly shifting to what will come the day after the shooting stops, and how the parties and the international community can move forward.

One almost certain casualty of the Hamas terrorist attack is the normalization process between Israel and its Arab neighbors. Indeed, October 7 seems to have sounded the death knell of the Abraham Accords, which were initially championed by the Trump administration and later embraced by the Biden administration. As originally conceived, Israeli and U.S. leaders believed an “outside-in” approach would allow Israel to normalize its relations with the Arab world while side-stepping the conflict with the Palestinians.

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