At the September G20 meeting, host country India, along with the United States, the European Union, France, Germany, Italy, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), signed a memorandum of understanding, a non-binding commitment to work towards building two separate "corridors", essentially envisioning a political line that is connected by some new and some existing, or already under construction, physical infrastructure.

The east corridor envisions connecting India to the Arabian Gulf, and the northern corridor connecting the Arabian Gulf to Europe. Its most visible infrastructure project is an old-fashioned railway.

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