After nearly three decades of minimal confrontation, violent conflict erupted in Nagorno-Karabakh between Azerbaijan and Armenia in September 2020. In November, a fragile peace declaration between the two countries, brokered by Russia, was signed with Azerbaijan gaining swaths of territory in the contested land following thousands of military and civilian casualties, and a threat to stability in the South Caucasus. However, the renewed tension leaves peace between Azerbaijan and Armenia in flux.
What is the current state of security threats and regional stability? How have Russia’s peacekeeping efforts evolved a year after the conflict? What lessons can be learned from the 2020 conflict? What are the prospects for a long lasting peace? In what ways can the international community bolster peace prospects?
Former US Department of State expert on non-Russians in the former Soviet Union
Robert E. Hamilton
Non-resident scholar, Frontier Europe Initiative, MEI
Non-resident scholar, Frontier Europe Initiative, MEI; senior fellow, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute, American Foreign Policy Council
Iulia Joja, moderator
Senior fellow, Frontier Europe Initiative; Project Director, Afghanistan Watch, MEI
Photo by Gavriil Grigorov\TASS via Getty Images